Harald Szeemann | Grandfather: A Pioneer Like Us
Jun 28 - Aug 18 2019
Opening Reception: June 27, 6-8PM
Swiss Institute is pleased to present Grandfather: A Pioneer Like Us, a restaging of the 1974 exhibition by acclaimed curator Harald Szeemann (1933-2005), who is known for his innovative and radical approach to working with artists. This exhibition recreates Szeemann’s apartment in Bern, Switzerland, where he organized the original show, an all-consuming investigation of the life and work of his grandfather Étienne Szeemann, a famed hairstylist and inventor. Grandfather: A Pioneer Like Us, includes approximately 1,200 objects from the Getty Research Institute’s Harald Szeemann Archive and Library and private collections.
Harald Szeemann began his work as an exhibition curator in 1957, and in 1961, at age 28, was appointed director of the Kunsthalle Bern, becoming one of the youngest museum directors in the world. He transformed the institution into an international showcase, focusing at once on current developments in contemporary art, such as kinetic art, op art, and Happenings, as well as visionary folk artists and popular culture. Szeemann cultivated close collaborations with artists and began traveling the globe in search of new developments in art; in this early phase he developed the exhibition and research methods that would ground all his future endeavors. He organized two major international exhibitions which would cement his reputation as a visionary: Live in Your Head: When Attitudes Become Form (1969), followed by the fifth edition of Documenta, Questioning Reality: Pictorial Worlds Today (1972). With these exhibitions, he moved towards a more experimental approach to curating that, by some accounts, centered the curator as auteur. Szeemann often found himself at odds with artists, trustees, and museum professionals and the intense response to Attitudes led Szeemann to resign from Kunsthalle Bern.
Following this period of controversy and the conclusion of documenta 5 in 1972, Szeemann found himself with no commission and no immediate prospects. Undaunted, he began to curate an exhibition in his apartment. Grandfather: A Pioneer Like Us examined the fascinating life of Szeemann’s grandfather, Etienne Szeemann, an inventive hairdresser and wigmaker who had developed his own permanent wave machine. Part artist’s museum and part surrealist experiment, the exhibition used the possessions of Szeemann’s grandfather to produce a series of dynamic and surprising juxtapositions that simultaneously explored the contours of his grandfather’s biography, the migrations of people across Europe over the course of wars in the twentieth century, the development of hairdressing as a parallel modernism with its own visionaries and avant-gardes, and the essence of curating itself as a creative and meaningful activity.
The exhibition marks a significant moment in Szeemann’s development, as it set in motion a series of projects that challenged what constitutes both exhibitions and institutions, whilst redefining the practice of curating. This full-scale reconstruction is a culmination of three years of research and conservation by the Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles. Szeemann maintained most of the hundreds of elements from the original exhibition, including furniture, and this presentation carefully reproduces it, complete with family photographs, his grandfather’s art collection, household objects, and the fascinating tools of the hairdressing trade.
Grandfather: A Pioneer Like Us was originally part of the traveling retrospective Harald Szeemann: Museum of Obsessions, which was organized by Glenn Phillips and Philip Kaiser, with Doris Chon and Pietro Rigolo. Grandfather: A Pioneer Like Us is organized in partnership with the Getty Research Institute. It was was previously exhibited at the ICA LA, Kunsthalle Bern, Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, and Castello di Rivoli.
Grandfather: A Pioneer Like Us is supported in part by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts. Special thanks to Crozier Fine Arts.
SI Programming is made possible in part with public funds from Pro Helvetia, Swiss Arts Council; the New York State Council on the Arts, with the support of Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature; and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs in partnership with the City Council. Main sponsors include LUMA Foundation and Friends of SI. SI gratefully acknowledges Swiss Re as SI ONSITE Partner, Crozier Fine Arts as Preferred Shipping Art Logistics Partner, Vitra as Design Partner, and SWISS as Travel Partner.
Image: Installation view of wig stands and books, as installed in Grossvater: Ein Pionier wie wir (Grandfather: A pioneer like us), Galerie Toni Gerber, Bern, February 16–April 20, 1974. Photographer: Balthasar Burkhard. Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles (2011.M.30) © J. Paul Getty Trust
Grandfather Poster Series
Xinyi Cheng, Tschabalala Self, Ser Serpas, Real Madrid, Lidija Delić
During his tenure at Kunsthalle Bern, Harald Szeemann produced over 50 exhibitions, each accompanied by a specially-designed poster, a selection of which will be on view in Swiss Institute’s 2nd Floor Gallery. In continuation of this legacy, SI invited five emerging artists to make images that will accompany the presentation of Grandfather: A Pioneer Like Us at Swiss Institute.
- Curator Talk | Glenn Phillips on Harald Szeemann and Grandfather: A Pioneer Like Us
- Screening | Robert Towne and Shampoo with an introduction by Sarah Morris
- Conversation | Robert Barry and Christian Rattemeyer on Uranyl Nitrate (UO2(NO3)2), When Attitudes Become Form and Harald Szeemann